05
dec
2016

chamomile

Chamomile or camomile (/ˈkæmɵml/ KAM-ə-meel or /ˈkæmɵml/ KAM-ə-myl)is the common name for several daisy-like plants of the family Asteraceae that are commonly used to make herb infusions to serve various medicinal purposes. Popular uses of chamomile preparations include treating hay fever, inflammation, muscle spasm, menstrual disorders, insomnia, ulcers, gastrointestinal disorder, and hemorrhoids.
The word "chamomile" derives, via French and Latin, from Greek χαμαίμηλον (khamaimēlon), i.e. "earth apple", from χαμαί (khamai) "on the ground" and μῆλον (mēlon) "apple".

Chamomile has been used for inflammation associated with hemorrhoids when topically applied.There is Level B evidence that chamomile possesses anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) properties and could be used to treat stress and insomnia . Chemical components of chamomile extract have demonstrated anti-inflammatory, antihyperglycemic, antigenotoxic, and anticancer properties when examined in vitro and in animal studies.

Major chemical compounds present within chamomile include apigenin and alpha-bisabolol.Other compounds in chamomile include: sesquiterpenes, terpenoids, flavonoids, coumarins such as herniarin and umbelliferone, phenylpropanoids such as chlorogenic acid and caffeic acid, flavones such as apigenin and luteolin, flavanols such as quercetin and rutin, and polyacetylenes. Apigenin has demonstrated chemopreventive effects against cancer cells in the laboratory, and alpha-bisabolol has been shown to have antiseptic properties, anti-inflammatory properties, and reduces pepsin secretion without altering secretion of stomach acid.

Anticancer effect – Studies have shown that chamomile extracts have in vitro growth inhibitory effects on cancer cells in skin, prostate, breast, ovarian, prostate cancer cell lines with minimal effects on normal cells.

Anticoagulant effect – Coumarin compounds in chamomile such as herniarin and umbelliferone may have blood-thinning properties. However the mechanism is not well understood.

Antiinflammatory effect – Several chemical constituents of chamomile such as bisabolol, chamazulene, apigenin, and loteolin possess anti-inflammatory properties although exact mechanism is not well characterized.

Antimicrobial effects – Chamazulene, alpha-bisabolol, flavonoids, and umbelliferone have antifungal activities. A number of in vitro studies showed chamomile’s antimycobacteria activity, inhibition of the growth of poliovirus and herpes virus, blockage of aggregation of Helicobacter pylori and numerous strains of Escherichia coli. Chamomile oil was demonstrated in studies to be effective against gram-positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus salivarius, and Bacillus species.

Antispasmodic/antidiarrheal effects – Bisabolol and flavonoids have demonstrated antispasmodic effects in animal experiments. In human studies, chamomile tea in combination with other herbs (vervain, licorice, fennel, balm mint) was shown to be effective in treating colic in children. Flavonoids and coumarins are considered smooth muscle relaxants.

Because chamomile has been known to cause uterine contractions that can invoke miscarriage, the U.S. National Institutes of Health recommends that pregnant and nursing mothers not consume Roman chamomile

Chamomile is frequently added to skin cosmetics to serve as an emollient, and for its anti-inflammatory effects. Chamomile is also often used to enhance the color of blonde hair

02
may
spicy-oil

Spicy oil

50 g of chillies, 1 l of extra virgin olive oil

Put chillies to dry under the sun  for about a week (but not let it become too dry,with no more red color). Once dried, cut into small pieces and dip them in 1 L of extra virgin oil inside a bottle or a glass jug with airtight seal. Oil and chilli should soak inside the vessel chosen for 1 month and a half. For those who prefer a more aromatic oil, as well as spicy, add in a Rosemary sprig or bay leaf. After maceration, use your oil for pastaand...

17
nov
rosemary

Rosemary

Rosemary is an herb in the mint family. It is a small evergreen shrub, Rosmarinus officinalis, whose 1-inch leaves resemble curved pine needles.

Rosemary is native to the Mediterranean.

Rosemary's assertive flavor blends well with garlic to season lamb roasts, meat stews, and marinades. Rosemary also enlivens lighter fish dishes, tomato sauces, and vegetables. Melt butter with Rosemary to dress freshly steamed red potatoes and peas or a stir-fried mixture of zucchini and summer squash. Crush...

13
aug
b-vitamins

B Vitamins

B vitamins are a class of water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cell metabolism. Though these vitamins share similar names, research shows that they are chemically distinct vitamins that often coexist in the same foods. In general, supplements containing all eight are referred to as a vitamin B complex. Individual B vitamin supplements are referred to by the specific name of each vitamin (e.g., B1, B2, B3 etc.)

Further below a list of the B vitamins:

  • Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
  • ...
21
nov
scrub-viso-naturale
11
may
edible-flowers:-sunflowers

Edible flowers: sunflowers

The finishing touch for a slap is traditionally a floral arrangement. But did you know that an amazing variety of flowers are not only ornamental but also have a great flavor?

Most of the flowers don't withstands high temperatures of cooking, so these or are incorporated at the last moment or used only as decoration.

The sunflower when mature, is covered with coarse hair and is inedible. The flower buds are very tender and edible. They can be steamed or even fries! Their flavor reminiscent of...

27
apr
bevande-utili-per-la-linea

Magazine

La bottega del mulino n°1

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