05
dec
2016

chamomile

Chamomile or camomile (/ˈkæmɵml/ KAM-ə-meel or /ˈkæmɵml/ KAM-ə-myl)is the common name for several daisy-like plants of the family Asteraceae that are commonly used to make herb infusions to serve various medicinal purposes. Popular uses of chamomile preparations include treating hay fever, inflammation, muscle spasm, menstrual disorders, insomnia, ulcers, gastrointestinal disorder, and hemorrhoids.
The word "chamomile" derives, via French and Latin, from Greek χαμαίμηλον (khamaimēlon), i.e. "earth apple", from χαμαί (khamai) "on the ground" and μῆλον (mēlon) "apple".

Chamomile has been used for inflammation associated with hemorrhoids when topically applied.There is Level B evidence that chamomile possesses anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) properties and could be used to treat stress and insomnia . Chemical components of chamomile extract have demonstrated anti-inflammatory, antihyperglycemic, antigenotoxic, and anticancer properties when examined in vitro and in animal studies.

Major chemical compounds present within chamomile include apigenin and alpha-bisabolol.Other compounds in chamomile include: sesquiterpenes, terpenoids, flavonoids, coumarins such as herniarin and umbelliferone, phenylpropanoids such as chlorogenic acid and caffeic acid, flavones such as apigenin and luteolin, flavanols such as quercetin and rutin, and polyacetylenes. Apigenin has demonstrated chemopreventive effects against cancer cells in the laboratory, and alpha-bisabolol has been shown to have antiseptic properties, anti-inflammatory properties, and reduces pepsin secretion without altering secretion of stomach acid.

Anticancer effect – Studies have shown that chamomile extracts have in vitro growth inhibitory effects on cancer cells in skin, prostate, breast, ovarian, prostate cancer cell lines with minimal effects on normal cells.

Anticoagulant effect – Coumarin compounds in chamomile such as herniarin and umbelliferone may have blood-thinning properties. However the mechanism is not well understood.

Antiinflammatory effect – Several chemical constituents of chamomile such as bisabolol, chamazulene, apigenin, and loteolin possess anti-inflammatory properties although exact mechanism is not well characterized.

Antimicrobial effects – Chamazulene, alpha-bisabolol, flavonoids, and umbelliferone have antifungal activities. A number of in vitro studies showed chamomile’s antimycobacteria activity, inhibition of the growth of poliovirus and herpes virus, blockage of aggregation of Helicobacter pylori and numerous strains of Escherichia coli. Chamomile oil was demonstrated in studies to be effective against gram-positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus salivarius, and Bacillus species.

Antispasmodic/antidiarrheal effects – Bisabolol and flavonoids have demonstrated antispasmodic effects in animal experiments. In human studies, chamomile tea in combination with other herbs (vervain, licorice, fennel, balm mint) was shown to be effective in treating colic in children. Flavonoids and coumarins are considered smooth muscle relaxants.

Because chamomile has been known to cause uterine contractions that can invoke miscarriage, the U.S. National Institutes of Health recommends that pregnant and nursing mothers not consume Roman chamomile

Chamomile is frequently added to skin cosmetics to serve as an emollient, and for its anti-inflammatory effects. Chamomile is also often used to enhance the color of blonde hair

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jan
la-schiacciata-alla-fiorentina-del-mulino
31
dec
wildschwein

Wildschwein

ingredients

  • 4 tablespoons/60 ml extra-virgin olive oil
  • 1 onion, coarsely chopped
  • 1 carrot, coarsely chopped
  • 1 celery stalk, coarsely chopped
  • 2 pounds/900 g wild boar, cubed
  • 1/2 teaspoon/2.5 ml nutmeg
  • Salt and freshly ground black pepper
  • 1 cup/250 ml red wine
  • 1 (28-ounce/800 g) can pureed tomatoes
  • 1 cup/250 ml beef broth

Heat up the extra-virgin olive oil in a large stewing pot. Add the onion, carrot, and celery. Cook until the vegetables have become soft. Add the cubed wild...

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jan
große-klette

Große Klette

Die Große Klette (Arctium lappa) ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Unterfamilie der Carduoideae in der Familie der Korbblütler (Asteraceae).

Die Große Klette wurde als Volksarzneipflanze verwendet, die Wurzeln werden zur Droge „Radix Bardanae“ verarbeitet. Das Klettenwurzelöl findet in der Kosmetik Anwendung. Ein wasserlösliches Polysaccharid, ein sogenanntes Fruktan, der großen Klette zeigt in vitro und in vivo hohe antioxidative Wirkungen und könnte in der Herstellung von Pharmazeutika...

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apr
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Water Kefir

Water kefir is a probiotic drink slightly alcoholic and fizzy, obtained from the fermentation of grains of kefir. There are two types of kefir: kefir milk and water kefir.

The water kefir is a great probiotic drink suitable for vegetarians and vegans. Also, it does not contain gluten and is also suitable for consumption by celiac. By virtue of its water kefir ferments works by rebalancing the intestinal flora, stimulates the intestinal immune system with beneficial effects on the immune system...

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chianti-:-i-vino-de-medici

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