13
aug
2015

b-vitamins

B vitamins are a class of water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cell metabolism. Though these vitamins share similar names, research shows that they are chemically distinct vitamins that often coexist in the same foods. In general, supplements containing all eight are referred to as a vitamin B complex. Individual B vitamin supplements are referred to by the specific name of each vitamin (e.g., B1, B2, B3 etc.)

Further below a list of the B vitamins:

  • Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
  • Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
  • Vitamin B3 (niacin or nicotinic acid)
  • Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)
  • Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine)
  • Vitamin B7 (biotin)
  • Vitamin B9 (folic acid)
  • Vitamin B12 (various cobalamins; commonly cyanocobalamin or methylcobalamin in vitamin supplements)

B vitamins are particularly concentrated in meat such as turkey, tuna and liver. Good sources for B vitamins include legumes (pulses or beans), whole grains, potatoes, bananas, chili peppers, tempeh, nutritional yeast, brewer's yeast, and molasses. Although the yeast used to make beer results in beers being a source of B vitamins,their bioavailability ranges from poor to negative as drinking ethanol inhibits absorption of thiamine (B1),riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), biotin (B7), and folic acid (B9). In addition, each of the preceding studies further emphasizes that elevated consumption of beer and other alcoholic beverages results in a net deficit of those B vitamins and the health risks associated with such deficiencies.

The B12 vitamin is of note because it is not available from plant products, making B12 deficiency a legitimate concern for vegans. Manufacturers of plant-based foods will sometimes report B12 content, leading to confusion about what sources yield B12. The confusion arises because the standard US Pharmacopeia (USP) method for measuring the B12 content does not measure the B12 directly. Instead, it measures a bacterial response to the food. Chemical variants of the B12 vitamin found in plant sources are active for bacteria, but cannot be used by the human body. This same phenomenon can cause significant over-reporting of B12 content in other types of foods as well.

Another popular means of increasing one's vitamin B intake is through the use of dietary supplements. B vitamins are also commonly added to energy drinks, many of which have been marketed with large amounts of B vitaminswith claims that this will cause the consumer to "sail through your day without feeling jittery or tense."Some nutritionists have been critical of these claims, pointing out for instance that while B vitamins do "help unlock the energy in foods," most Americans acquire the necessary amounts easily in their diets.

Because they are soluble in water, excess B vitamins (such as may be ingested via supplements) are generally readily excreted, although individual absorption, use and metabolism may vary…"The elderly and athletes may need to supplement their intake of B12 and other B vitamins due to problems in absorption and increased needs for energy production. In cases of severe deficiency B vitamins, especially B12, may also be delivered by injection to reverse deficiencies. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetics may also be advised to supplement thiamine based on high prevalence of low plasma thiamine concentration and increased thiamine clearance associated with diabetes. Also, Vitamin B9 (folic acid) deficiency in early embryo development has been linked to neural tube defects. Thus, women planning to become pregnant are usually encouraged to increase daily dietary folic acid intake and/or take a supplement.

19
may
echte-aloe

Echte Aloe

Die Echte Aloe (Aloe vera) ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Gattung der Aloen (Aloe) in der Unterfamilie der Affodillgewächse (Asphodeloideae). Das Artepitheton vera stammt aus dem Lateinischen und bedeutet ‚wahr

Aloe vera wächst stammlos oder mit kurzen Stämmen, ist sprossend und bildet dichte Gruppen. Der Stamm erreicht einen Umfang von bis zu 30 Zentimeter. Die etwa 16 lanzettlich-verjüngten Laubblätter sind dicht rosettig am Stamm angeordnet. Ihre 40 bis 50 Zentimeter lange und 6 bis...

23
nov
hyssop

Hyssop

Hyssopus officinalis or hyssop is a herbaceous plant of the genus Hyssopus native to Southern Europe, the Middle East, and the region surrounding the Caspian Sea. Due to its properties as an antiseptic, cough reliever, and expectorant, it is commonly used as an aromatic herb and medicinal plant

The perennial plant hyssop is native to the Mediterranean region and is considered a holy plant. During the time of the Romans, this herb was used against the plague, as a disinfectant and for treatment...

08
may
cellulite

Cellulite

Cellulite affects especially women and the most common spots where they form are the abdomen, buttocks and thighs.
It is caused by an alteration of the microcirculation caused by deposits of water, fat and impurities.
To decrease the need to maintain a good metabolism, maybe stimulating walks before meals and follow a balanced diet and avoid strict diets that cause excessive weight increases then.

You can also avoid sugary sweets and foods, animal fats and oil, and you can do a self massage...

23
jul
berries

Berries

The berries are groups of individual seeds, can be used on ice cream or fresh cooked and made into jam.
Have depurative, diuretic, anti-rheumatic and refreshing proprieties; not only that, they also help fight cardiovascular disease, keeping it clean and elastic arteries, because they help to eliminate the "bad" cholesterol from the blood.
In case of intestinal problems, is shown taking more or other berries because they contain a good percentage of fibers.

25
mar
la-zuppa-di-farro-del-mulino
19
sep
celery-relieves-sore-throat

Celery relieves sore throat

Decoction of celery for the sore throat

50 g of celery leaves; 1 L water

Prepare the decoction pouring 40 gr of celery leaves in a liter of cold water.
Bring to a boil for 5/7 minutes. Then, filter the concoction with a fine mesh strainer.
Drink 2/3 cups per day (depending on the intensity of inflammation).

The decoction is used as footbath to relieve the chilblains.

Magazine

La bottega del mulino n°1

Download