13
aug
2015

b-vitamins

B vitamins are a class of water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cell metabolism. Though these vitamins share similar names, research shows that they are chemically distinct vitamins that often coexist in the same foods. In general, supplements containing all eight are referred to as a vitamin B complex. Individual B vitamin supplements are referred to by the specific name of each vitamin (e.g., B1, B2, B3 etc.)

Further below a list of the B vitamins:

  • Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
  • Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
  • Vitamin B3 (niacin or nicotinic acid)
  • Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)
  • Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine)
  • Vitamin B7 (biotin)
  • Vitamin B9 (folic acid)
  • Vitamin B12 (various cobalamins; commonly cyanocobalamin or methylcobalamin in vitamin supplements)

B vitamins are particularly concentrated in meat such as turkey, tuna and liver. Good sources for B vitamins include legumes (pulses or beans), whole grains, potatoes, bananas, chili peppers, tempeh, nutritional yeast, brewer's yeast, and molasses. Although the yeast used to make beer results in beers being a source of B vitamins,their bioavailability ranges from poor to negative as drinking ethanol inhibits absorption of thiamine (B1),riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), biotin (B7), and folic acid (B9). In addition, each of the preceding studies further emphasizes that elevated consumption of beer and other alcoholic beverages results in a net deficit of those B vitamins and the health risks associated with such deficiencies.

The B12 vitamin is of note because it is not available from plant products, making B12 deficiency a legitimate concern for vegans. Manufacturers of plant-based foods will sometimes report B12 content, leading to confusion about what sources yield B12. The confusion arises because the standard US Pharmacopeia (USP) method for measuring the B12 content does not measure the B12 directly. Instead, it measures a bacterial response to the food. Chemical variants of the B12 vitamin found in plant sources are active for bacteria, but cannot be used by the human body. This same phenomenon can cause significant over-reporting of B12 content in other types of foods as well.

Another popular means of increasing one's vitamin B intake is through the use of dietary supplements. B vitamins are also commonly added to energy drinks, many of which have been marketed with large amounts of B vitaminswith claims that this will cause the consumer to "sail through your day without feeling jittery or tense."Some nutritionists have been critical of these claims, pointing out for instance that while B vitamins do "help unlock the energy in foods," most Americans acquire the necessary amounts easily in their diets.

Because they are soluble in water, excess B vitamins (such as may be ingested via supplements) are generally readily excreted, although individual absorption, use and metabolism may vary…"The elderly and athletes may need to supplement their intake of B12 and other B vitamins due to problems in absorption and increased needs for energy production. In cases of severe deficiency B vitamins, especially B12, may also be delivered by injection to reverse deficiencies. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetics may also be advised to supplement thiamine based on high prevalence of low plasma thiamine concentration and increased thiamine clearance associated with diabetes. Also, Vitamin B9 (folic acid) deficiency in early embryo development has been linked to neural tube defects. Thus, women planning to become pregnant are usually encouraged to increase daily dietary folic acid intake and/or take a supplement.

21
jul
blueberry

BLUEBERRY

Blueberries can be eaten fresh or cooked, you can also store frozening. the Blueberry is suitable for all forms of intestinal disorders, liver disorders, bleeding tendency for capillary fragility, circulatory disorders and eyesight problems.

Idroccinnamico acid present in Blueberry is very important for our body, as it is able to neutralize the carcinogenic substance produced in the digestive tract.

The consumption of foods rich in antioxidants, see Blueberry, assumes an important role...

25
mar
la-zuppa-di-farro-del-mulino
20
jul
black-currants

BLACK CURRANTS

In the kitchen is traditionally used for jams. It is a natural antihistamine.

Some active ingredients present in this plant are able to counteract the action of histamine, a substance responsible for so much annoying allergic reactions.

There are numerous herbal products made from leaves, berries, buds or black currant seed, not only to combat seasonal allergies but also excellent for their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and detoxifying.

24
mar
homemade-deodorant

Homemade deodorant

There are DIY solutions, made with all-natural ingredients, ensuring armpits fresh and smelling. They are fast and very simple to prepare.
The deodorant more healthy and simple is the bicarbonate based: thanks to its Ph basic it fights odors and, being natural, does not prevent the normal skin transpiration.
You can opt for a spray solution, a cream or stick depending on your preference.

This is a preparation mode for a deodorant spray:

Fill a glass with water and baking soda
stir until the...

22
feb
cenci-di-carnevale
23
nov
hyssop

Hyssop

Hyssopus officinalis or hyssop is a herbaceous plant of the genus Hyssopus native to Southern Europe, the Middle East, and the region surrounding the Caspian Sea. Due to its properties as an antiseptic, cough reliever, and expectorant, it is commonly used as an aromatic herb and medicinal plant

The perennial plant hyssop is native to the Mediterranean region and is considered a holy plant. During the time of the Romans, this herb was used against the plague, as a disinfectant and for treatment...

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La bottega del mulino n°1

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