13
aug
2015

b-vitamins

B vitamins are a class of water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cell metabolism. Though these vitamins share similar names, research shows that they are chemically distinct vitamins that often coexist in the same foods. In general, supplements containing all eight are referred to as a vitamin B complex. Individual B vitamin supplements are referred to by the specific name of each vitamin (e.g., B1, B2, B3 etc.)

Further below a list of the B vitamins:

  • Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
  • Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
  • Vitamin B3 (niacin or nicotinic acid)
  • Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)
  • Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine)
  • Vitamin B7 (biotin)
  • Vitamin B9 (folic acid)
  • Vitamin B12 (various cobalamins; commonly cyanocobalamin or methylcobalamin in vitamin supplements)

B vitamins are particularly concentrated in meat such as turkey, tuna and liver. Good sources for B vitamins include legumes (pulses or beans), whole grains, potatoes, bananas, chili peppers, tempeh, nutritional yeast, brewer's yeast, and molasses. Although the yeast used to make beer results in beers being a source of B vitamins,their bioavailability ranges from poor to negative as drinking ethanol inhibits absorption of thiamine (B1),riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), biotin (B7), and folic acid (B9). In addition, each of the preceding studies further emphasizes that elevated consumption of beer and other alcoholic beverages results in a net deficit of those B vitamins and the health risks associated with such deficiencies.

The B12 vitamin is of note because it is not available from plant products, making B12 deficiency a legitimate concern for vegans. Manufacturers of plant-based foods will sometimes report B12 content, leading to confusion about what sources yield B12. The confusion arises because the standard US Pharmacopeia (USP) method for measuring the B12 content does not measure the B12 directly. Instead, it measures a bacterial response to the food. Chemical variants of the B12 vitamin found in plant sources are active for bacteria, but cannot be used by the human body. This same phenomenon can cause significant over-reporting of B12 content in other types of foods as well.

Another popular means of increasing one's vitamin B intake is through the use of dietary supplements. B vitamins are also commonly added to energy drinks, many of which have been marketed with large amounts of B vitaminswith claims that this will cause the consumer to "sail through your day without feeling jittery or tense."Some nutritionists have been critical of these claims, pointing out for instance that while B vitamins do "help unlock the energy in foods," most Americans acquire the necessary amounts easily in their diets.

Because they are soluble in water, excess B vitamins (such as may be ingested via supplements) are generally readily excreted, although individual absorption, use and metabolism may vary…"The elderly and athletes may need to supplement their intake of B12 and other B vitamins due to problems in absorption and increased needs for energy production. In cases of severe deficiency B vitamins, especially B12, may also be delivered by injection to reverse deficiencies. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetics may also be advised to supplement thiamine based on high prevalence of low plasma thiamine concentration and increased thiamine clearance associated with diabetes. Also, Vitamin B9 (folic acid) deficiency in early embryo development has been linked to neural tube defects. Thus, women planning to become pregnant are usually encouraged to increase daily dietary folic acid intake and/or take a supplement.

24
mar
homemade-deodorant

Homemade deodorant

There are DIY solutions, made with all-natural ingredients, ensuring armpits fresh and smelling. They are fast and very simple to prepare.
The deodorant more healthy and simple is the bicarbonate based: thanks to its Ph basic it fights odors and, being natural, does not prevent the normal skin transpiration.
You can opt for a spray solution, a cream or stick depending on your preference.

This is a preparation mode for a deodorant spray:

Fill a glass with water and baking soda
stir until the...

29
aug
myrtle

Myrtle

The fruits have an aromatic perfume and are often used as a venison dishes.

The leaves are used to flavor and spicy dishes and seafood; used dried for flavoring syrups or sauces.

The flowers are sweet and are used in salads.

10
apr
honey-and-cosmetic

Honey and cosmetic

HONEY MASK

acacia honey, pine family or thyme

With refreshed face and just dried, spread a thin layer of honey, leaving it under for about 20 minutes, then rinse.
For its qualities, honey mask is indicated for dehydrated and dried, but is also useful for keeping in good health of every skin type.
The properties of the form can of course be extended to the whole body, sprinkling and immersing himself entirely, after few minutes in lukewarm bath.

You find the honey for your masks and a range...

30
jul
mint

Mint

Mint leaves can be used fresh or dried and used later.

Bring flavor to iced or hot teas, fruit drinks, vegetables (peas and carrots).

The Mint salasa is an excellent side dish to lamb.

In the heat of these days, is nice a refreshing good drink with water and mint leaves, put in the refrigerator to become cold!
Has digestive properties, antiseptic and sedative properties.

07
jan
recycling-corks

Recycling corks

A the bottle has been opened, what can be done with the used corks? We promote recycling corks. The small and simple gesture of recycling used cork stoppers provides an essential contribution to the vitality of the planet. Cork stoppers are environment friendly by nature - they are a 100% natural product and do not cause pollution if they end up in the rubbish bin. However, they are also fully recyclable and reusable, which means that they have a clearly positive impact from a sustainability...

11
jul
lamponi