13
aug
2015

b-vitamins

B vitamins are a class of water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cell metabolism. Though these vitamins share similar names, research shows that they are chemically distinct vitamins that often coexist in the same foods. In general, supplements containing all eight are referred to as a vitamin B complex. Individual B vitamin supplements are referred to by the specific name of each vitamin (e.g., B1, B2, B3 etc.)

Further below a list of the B vitamins:

  • Vitamin B1 (thiamine)
  • Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
  • Vitamin B3 (niacin or nicotinic acid)
  • Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid)
  • Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine)
  • Vitamin B7 (biotin)
  • Vitamin B9 (folic acid)
  • Vitamin B12 (various cobalamins; commonly cyanocobalamin or methylcobalamin in vitamin supplements)

B vitamins are particularly concentrated in meat such as turkey, tuna and liver. Good sources for B vitamins include legumes (pulses or beans), whole grains, potatoes, bananas, chili peppers, tempeh, nutritional yeast, brewer's yeast, and molasses. Although the yeast used to make beer results in beers being a source of B vitamins,their bioavailability ranges from poor to negative as drinking ethanol inhibits absorption of thiamine (B1),riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), biotin (B7), and folic acid (B9). In addition, each of the preceding studies further emphasizes that elevated consumption of beer and other alcoholic beverages results in a net deficit of those B vitamins and the health risks associated with such deficiencies.

The B12 vitamin is of note because it is not available from plant products, making B12 deficiency a legitimate concern for vegans. Manufacturers of plant-based foods will sometimes report B12 content, leading to confusion about what sources yield B12. The confusion arises because the standard US Pharmacopeia (USP) method for measuring the B12 content does not measure the B12 directly. Instead, it measures a bacterial response to the food. Chemical variants of the B12 vitamin found in plant sources are active for bacteria, but cannot be used by the human body. This same phenomenon can cause significant over-reporting of B12 content in other types of foods as well.

Another popular means of increasing one's vitamin B intake is through the use of dietary supplements. B vitamins are also commonly added to energy drinks, many of which have been marketed with large amounts of B vitaminswith claims that this will cause the consumer to "sail through your day without feeling jittery or tense."Some nutritionists have been critical of these claims, pointing out for instance that while B vitamins do "help unlock the energy in foods," most Americans acquire the necessary amounts easily in their diets.

Because they are soluble in water, excess B vitamins (such as may be ingested via supplements) are generally readily excreted, although individual absorption, use and metabolism may vary…"The elderly and athletes may need to supplement their intake of B12 and other B vitamins due to problems in absorption and increased needs for energy production. In cases of severe deficiency B vitamins, especially B12, may also be delivered by injection to reverse deficiencies. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetics may also be advised to supplement thiamine based on high prevalence of low plasma thiamine concentration and increased thiamine clearance associated with diabetes. Also, Vitamin B9 (folic acid) deficiency in early embryo development has been linked to neural tube defects. Thus, women planning to become pregnant are usually encouraged to increase daily dietary folic acid intake and/or take a supplement.

21
jul
blueberry

BLUEBERRY

Blueberries can be eaten fresh or cooked, you can also store frozening. the Blueberry is suitable for all forms of intestinal disorders, liver disorders, bleeding tendency for capillary fragility, circulatory disorders and eyesight problems.

Idroccinnamico acid present in Blueberry is very important for our body, as it is able to neutralize the carcinogenic substance produced in the digestive tract.

The consumption of foods rich in antioxidants, see Blueberry, assumes an important role...

22
jul
berry

Berry

In order to plant shrubs, you must wait until the last frost and dig deep to place the roots. It is necessary for all types of berries a trellis to support their growth.

At the end of the summer the branches should be pruned and tied up, carefully considering the presence of thorns.

Produce fruit in abundance and the only enemies you may encounter are birds. Berries may be climbing or bushy.

It is recommended to use natural fertilizers does not affect the taste of the fruit when ripe.

For...

02
may
spicy-oil

Spicy oil

50 g of chillies, 1 l of extra virgin olive oil

Put chillies to dry under the sun  for about a week (but not let it become too dry,with no more red color). Once dried, cut into small pieces and dip them in 1 L of extra virgin oil inside a bottle or a glass jug with airtight seal. Oil and chilli should soak inside the vessel chosen for 1 month and a half. For those who prefer a more aromatic oil, as well as spicy, add in a Rosemary sprig or bay leaf. After maceration, use your oil for pastaand...

30
jan
cenci-di-carnevale
17
jan
shampoo-aloe-vera-e-rosmarino
17
sep
lovage

Lovage

It is in flower from July to August and seeds ripen from August to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by insects.
The plant is self-fertile. It is noted for attracting wildlife.

Lovage is a warming and tonic herb for the digestive and respiratory system. It is used primarily in the treatment of indigestion, poor appetite, wind, colic and bronchitis. The roots, leaves and fruits are antispasmodic, aromatic, carmative, diuretic. They are...

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